B. Kuczera, Th. Walter Tromm
Around the turn of the 20th/21st centuries, 2 trends were perceived in the public with respect to future global energy supply, and both have since been discussed at great length: the greatly increasing demand for primary energy and the consequences arising to the climate on this planet as a result of its use. For this reason, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA, Vienna) adopted a resolution at its 2000 General Conference inviting all states interested in the peaceful use of nuclear power to concentrate their nuclear fuel cycle activities under the aegis of the IAEA. Especially the examination of nuclear technologies for innovation and proliferation resistance is in the focus of interest. A little later, Senior Experts from 25 countries adopted the terms of reference for the International Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles – INPRO, on the basis of which the project was established within the IAEA Nuclear Energy Department in May 2001. A forum for science and technology has thus been created by industrialized, emerging and developing countries with the impetus to discuss and evaluate the different aspects of the use of innovative nuclear power systems (INS) of the 21st century.
Germany is one of the 10 founding members. After the first decade, in April 2012, INPRO was composed of 36 members, i.e. 35 states and the European Commission (CEC). The members delegate so-called Cost-free Experts to Vienna for project work and/or make financial contributions to the respective extra budget of the IAEA. The direction of INPRO activities is determined by a Steering Committee representing all members having a seat and voting rights. The Steering Committee meets twice a year to discuss the progress and continuation of its project work.